RtoP Weekly: 26 – 29 November 2018


This week in focus:
Making “Never Again” a Reality – Germany and the UNSC

With Germany taking a seat on the UN Security Council (UNSC) for 2019 and 2020, it provides the country a great opportunity to uphold its obligations under the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) and promote atrocity prevention measures to better protect populations within the Council. In Making “never again” a reality: What Germany can contribute during its next term in the Security Council toward preventing mass atrocities, a new report fromo the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), ICRtoP member the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation’s (AIPR) Dr. Tibi Galis and Jack Mayerhofer argue that in order to better institutionalize atrocity prevention, Germany should move away from “conflict-hopping.” This approach is one that predominately reacts to the various crises that are already occurring, often causing the UNSC to fall into political gridlock, stalling actions that could prevent the commission of atrocities crimes at a cost to human life. The authors argue that instead, Germany should prioritize atrocity prevention in all deliberations of the Council, increasing and normalizing its implementation, leveraging other UN human rights systems, and avoiding political standstill in the Council.

We would like to congratulate our colleagues on their publication, and are honored to be participating in its launch event in New York next week. ICRtoP’s Brittany Roser will be featured as a panel discussant in the off-the-record discussion alongside the report authors from AIPR, Kerstin Pürschel of the German Mission to the United Nations, and moderator, Sapna Chhatpar Considine of Strategy for Humanity. Please note the event is by invitation only.

A full-text version of the publication can be found here.

What to Watch:

Assembly of the States Parties of the ICC: Next Friday, 7 December, the governments of Liechtenstein, Costa Rica, and the Netherlands will host a panel event on “Hard Law Obligations, Atrocity Crimes and Veto” as part of the 17th session of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) of the ICC side events. The discussion will focus on the use of the Security Council veto in situations of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ethnic cleansing. Participants will examine whether or not the use of such instrument by the Permanent Five members of the Council (“the P5”) is in accordance with existing international legal principles and standards. The event will be aimed at encouraging discussions on new approaches to the restriction of veto in situations of mass atrocity crimes, the various legal arguments related to the unrestricted veto, seeking a way forward for the UN General Assembly to consult the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on questions related to veto and mass atrocity crimes, and the different initiatives for voluntary veto restraint.

Nigeria: European Asylum Support Office (EASO)- Country of Origin Information Report(EASO)
Widespread violence, insecurity, and serious crimes continue to prevail in Nigeria, as documented by several reports issued during this week. The EASO issued a report detailing the persecution and rights violations experienced by individuals in the country and the numerous mass atrocity crimes committed by several groups during the past few years, including killings, torture, abductions, and sexual violence. Similarly, Amnesty International published its findings on the targeting of women in IDP camps, where they are often the victims of violence and serious abuses that, according to the organization, could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. Both offices call for accountability and justice as the crisis persists.

Yemen: US ‘slams the brakes’ on UN Yemen ceasefire resolution (CNN)
A resolution drafted by the UK calling for UNSC action for a ceasefire and additional humanitarian aid in Yemen has been stalled by the US over concerns of angering Saudi Arabia. Human rights groups already criticized the resolution for being insufficent, as it only calls for a limited ceasefire in Hodeidah. The US, together with the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, are concerned that if the resolution is adopted, Saudi Arabia or the Houthis may decide not to participate in the peace talks that are scheduled to take place next week in Sweden.

But Also Don’t Miss:

Burma: Myanmar Seizes Boat With Rohingya Fleeing To Malaysia
Burmese authorities seized another boat carrying Rohingya Muslims trying to reach Malaysia. The UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, reiterated its message that it is crucial to “address the root causes of displacement” in order to deal with the crisis.

China: Academics Condemn China Over Xinjian Camps, Urge Sanctions
Academics called upon the international community to impose sanctions over China for the mass detention of Uighur Muslims adding countries should grant group members asylum, and urged the UN to open an investigation.

Israel: Israel Votes Down Recognition of Yazidi Genocide, Citing UN
Israel voted against a bill to recognize the crimes committed by ISIL against the Yazidi people as genocide in Iraq and Syria.

Liberia: AFL Soldiers Ready to “Deal With” Threats Concerning War Crimes Court
Liberia’s armed forces expressed support for the creation of the War Crimes court assuring the population they were ready to protect their safety if any instability occurred.

Libya: UNHCR appeals for more resettlement, end to detention as Libya evacuations near 2,500
UNHCR evacuated almost 2,500 refugees and asylum seekers who were previously detained in Libya, urging countries to offer additional resettlement places due to the dangers migrants face should they be returned.

Philippines: Philippine Court Jails Three Police Officers For Drugs War Murder
A court in the Philippines convicted three police officers involved in the extrajudicial killings carried out during the war on drugs. Rights advocates noted, however, that the “killings must stop.”

Syria: Chemical weapons agency to investigate alleged Aleppo attack
Rebel forces allegedly committed a gas attack in Aleppo on Saturday, that harmed 100 civilians. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and Syrian officials will investigate.

Syria: Children and armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic – Report of the Secretary-General
Secretary-General Guterres’ report describes the violations committed against children in the Syrian war, documenting over 7000 casualties, forced recruitment, torture, abductions, and sexual violence.

Yemen: Prospects Grow for Yemen Talks in Sweden Next Week
Yemen’s warring parties will attend the UN-sponsored peace talks expected to take place next week in Sweden, following pressure from Western countries for an end to the conflict.


weekly pic 2

Call for Internship Applications
The ICRtoP Secretariat in New York City is now accepting internship applications for Spring 2019. Interested parties can find more information by following the link.

Engage with the ICRtoP!
Tag or mention us! Use #ICRtoP or @ICRtoP to share your RtoP news and updates, or for a chance to be featured by ICRtoP.


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