RtoP Weekly: 22 – 25 October 2018


This week in focus: R2P: from Promise to Practice

Dr. Alexander J. Bellamy of the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (APR2P) and an ICRtoP Steering Committee member, and former UN Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect, Dr. Edward C. Luck, have recently published a new book, entitled R2P: From Promise to Practice. Please find below an abstract from the authors, as well a full summary by the authors on our blog in which they discuss the book’s motivations and findings.

R2P: From Promise to Practice 
Alex J. Bellamy & Edward C. Luck

Following more than a decade of decline, the incidence of atrocity crimes is again rising. The tide of forcibly displaced populations is at the highest level since the end of the Second World War.  We need to do far better at preventing such horrific crimes and at protecting vulnerable populations.  That is the purpose of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), a set of rules and principles that has advanced far more rapidly in debating halls than in national and international policies and actions. This book is about how to turn the promise of R2P into practice.

As scholars and practitioners, however, we felt that something was missing, that the literature has been incomplete. While the scholarly and analytical work on R2P as a normative innovation and political enterprise has been truly impressive, there has been far less attention to what R2P looks like in practice. Following a decade of normative development and maturation, R2P principles have now been tested in practice for a decade as well.  The principles have reached a settled state, but their practice is still far down the learning curve. We believe, nevertheless, that there is now enough of a track record to begin to offer some rough assessments of what is or is not working.

History tells us that the journey from principle to practice is never quick or sure.  It demands persistence as much as intellect, learning from mistakes as well as from successes, and never forgetting where we are going or why we undertook the journey in the first place.   Stepping aside, giving up, looking for easier paths is not an option.  Curbing atrocities is as difficult as it is compelling.  But experience also shows that it can be done.  Those are the core lessons from R2P’s early years.  They offer the promise of stronger institutions, deeper commitments, and better policy in the years ahead.  R2P is just getting started.

What to Watch:

Burma: UN expert: Myanmar government shows ‘no real interest in building democracy’ (UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Yanghee Lee, UN Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur on Myanmar, said “the government is demonstrating no real interest in establishing a functioning democracy” in the country, and calls for the referral of the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), given the inability of the government to fulfill its international obligations. From her findings, she concluded the Burmese government is not doing enough to achieve peace and reconciliation in the country, abide by international law, and ensure accountability. Though she acknowledged the positive steps taken to create an independent mechanism to investigate and collect information about the atrocities perpetrated, she believes more needs to be done. She urged the international community to continue working to ensure accountability and that the independent mechanism has all resources needed to be fully functioning.

Gaza/West Bank: Interview: How Palestinian Authorities Crush Dissent (Human Rights Watch; Middle East Monitor)
A recent report released by Human Rights Watch (HRW) found that the Palestinian Authority has been conducting the systematic, arbitrary arrests and torture of critics and opponents in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Together with Hamas, who has de facto control inside the Gaza Strip, critics and opponents are detained regardless of nonviolent expression, according to the interviews conducted. HRW documented more than two dozen cases of detained persons for writing a critical article, or a Facebook post. In response, the Palestinian Ministry of Interior and National Security refuted the report, claiming it is inaccurate and ignores the reality in the Gaza Strip.

South Sudan: Violations and Abuses Against Civilians in Gbudue and Tambura States (Western Equatoria) (UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNMISS)
The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and UNMISS, the UN Peacekeeping Operation in South Sudan, released a report on the human rights situation in the western states. In addition to High Commissioner Bachelet noting the SPLA still has yet to return some abducted civilians, Human Rights Watch attests that government forces are finding different ways of harming civilians in spite of the recent peace agreement, calling it “the latest chapter in a long history of violence and impunity.”

But Also Don’t Miss:

Cameroon: Cameroon’s President Paul Biya wins seventh term
The Constitutional Council announced President Biya was re-elected as President earning over 70% of the vote.

CAR: Central African Republic: Special Criminal Court Gets Underway
The country’s hybrid court is set to begin, presenting its investigative strategy to prosecute atrocity crimes that have taken place since January 2003.

India: JRL Urges UN to Play Role in Ending Crimes Against Humanity in Kashmir
Over increasing allegations of Crimes Against Humanity in Kashmir, the Joint Resistance Leadership (JRL) asked the UN Secretary-General to take action to end human rights abuses in the region.

Mali: UN Secretary-General Report – Situation in Mali
UN Secretary General issued a report highlighting the the deterioration of human rights  and the continued breaches of international law, calling upon authorities to comply with their responsibility to ensure accountability.

Syria:  Rebels continue attacks inside Idlib buffer zone
Militants proceed with attacks in Idlib, Syria, violating the ceasefire agreement. Russia administered humanitarian aid for civilians in areas previously controlled by armed groups.


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