After their move into the Tripoli, the Libyan rebels massed their forces to prepare for assaults against Sirte, Gaddafi’s tribal stronghold, and Bani Walid, another town still loyal to the ex-leader. The rebels entered into negotiations for the peaceful surrender of Bani Walid, but those talks have apparently failed, with the standoff continuing. Muammar Gaddafi has vowed to continue the fight against the rebels.
On Thursday, the Libya Contact Group, consisting of nearly 60 delegations from countries and world organizations, met in Paris to discuss a roadmap for Libya as it transitions into the post-Gaddafi era.
In a breaking story on Friday, it was reported that China offered the Gaddafi regime stockpiles of arms in July, in violation of UN sanctions. China has since confirmed the meeting with representatives of the Gaddafi regime.
The Syrian regime continued its crackdown against protesters as the holy month of Ramadan came to an end. In response to the continued violence, the EU banned all oil imports from the country. France emphasized that it was pushing for a UN resolution on Syria that included sanctions against the Assad regime, while Spanish PM Zapatero said that the international community should support the Syrian opposition as it did in Libya.
Amnesty International issued a report this past week highlighting a “surge of death” in Syrian detention centres, where dozens have reportedly been tortured and killed since the uprising began. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was granted access to a Syrian detention facility after a meeting with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
The Government of Sudan has began a major military offensive in the disputed Blue Nile states, close to its border with the Republic of South Sudan. Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary-General, has urged an end to fighting.
In a joint-report issued on Tuesday, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch stated possible war crimes may have been committed in Southern Kordofan as a result of indiscriminate bombing by the Government of Sudan. The U.S. State Department called for a cessation of the bombing. In an earlier blog post, we discussed other reports coming out of Sudan that discuss possible crimes against humanity and war crimes committed by the Sudanese government.
In a blog post last week, we covered some of the analysis on RtoP and Libya that has gone around in the wake of the rebel’s success. Here are some other interesting pieces that were also written this past week:
Council on Foreign Relations Interview with Dr. Ed Luck, UN Special Advisor on RtoP: Will Syria Follow Libya?
Humanitarian Inquisition by David Bosco (Foreign Policy)
How Gaddafi’s Fall Vindicated Obama and RtoP by Stewart Patrick (Foreign Affairs)
The Truth About Libyan Conflict and Consequences for the (African) Continent by Charles Abugre (allAfrica)